Invest immediately and work with the provinces and territories to develop a national, comprehensive public education strategy to send a clear message to Canadians that cannabis causes impairment and that the best way to avoid driving impaired is to not consume. Most online respondents were supportive of measures proposed in the Discussion Paper, including measures that would strictly limit marketing, advertising and promotion of cannabis products. A sophisticated commercial industry that cultivates and distributes cannabis by mail and courier to individuals who require it for medical purposes, and who are under the care of a physician or nurse practitioner, exists in Canada today, with 36 licensed producers in operation at the time of writing this report. Which production model would best meet consumer demand while ensuring that public health and safety objectives are achievable? As shown in the following list, close to half of the responses (49 per cent) came from individuals who describe themselves as users of marijuana for non-medical purposes. The system would regulate a wider variety of cannabis products such as edibles, concentrates and tinctures. We understand that the federal government is currently conducting a review of its approach to the regulation of natural health products. Caffeine is the world's most widely consumed psychoactive substance, but unlike many others, it is legal and unregulated in nearly all jurisdictions. There was general agreement that non-criminal approaches should be implemented to discourage youth from possessing or consuming cannabis. A discussion specific to education campaigns for cannabis-impaired driving can be found in Chapter 4, Enforcing Public Safety and Protection. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Cannabis production ranges from the cultivation and harvest of the plant material, and its subsequent preparation, to the manufacture of products using cannabis as a raw material including concentrates and other derivatives. Employer groups called for more guidance from federal, provincial and territorial governments about appropriate workplace drug use and drug testing policies. This will include building capacity for licensing and inspection at all levels of government: federal (e.g., for production and laboratories), provincial and territorial (e.g., for distribution and retail), and municipal (e.g., for home-cultivation permits). This could include developing a bilingual training and certification program in Canada. In a joint submission, the Arthritis Society, Canadians for Fair Access to Medical Marijuana and the Canadian AIDS Society urged the government to approve a wide range of distribution options, including on-site dispensing, mail-order and self-production. About one-third of respondents felt that allowing home cultivation is the best way to ensure access for users of cannabis for medical purposes. Retail sales should be regulated by provinces and territories in close collaboration with municipalities. This approach considers the risks associated with cannabis use, including the risks of developmental harms to youth; the risks associated with patterns of consumption, including frequent use and co-use of cannabis with alcohol and tobacco; the risks to vulnerable populations; and the risks related to interactions with the illicit market. There are no provisions for commercial production and no licensed marijuana dispensaries. Other groups mentioned included adult heavy users, those with mental illness, people who are homeless and other marginalized groups. To that end, we do not believe that simple possession of cannabis by youth should be a criminal offence (apart from the limits on personal possession, discussed below). She holds a law degree from the University of Toronto and a PhD in law from the University of Cambridge. The Task Force will present a final report, which provides advice on the design of a new legislative and regulatory framework, to the Ministers in November 2016. This report is the result of a truly national collaboration, and we are proud to have been involved in it. Analysis that compares data gathered from surveillance activities under the new system against baseline data will help regulators determine whether we are on track to achieve the goals of reducing use by youth and reducing the profits of the illicit industry. [34][35] If anything, these respondents were more likely to call for a stiffening of the penalties that are currently in place, with some adding that police, prosecutors and the courts will be in a better position to identify and deal with serious offenders once cannabis becomes legal. The MMPR set out rigorous requirements over the production, packaging, storage and distribution of marijuana. Marijuana has been prohibited in Canada since the 1920s and is listed as a controlled substance in Schedule II of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA). Analysis of results of the 2013 B.C. Salvia divinorum), and classic psychedelics (e.g. Legal access to marijuana for those with a medical need began in the late 1990s in response to an Ontario court decision. On the one hand, we heard compelling arguments in favour of prohibiting personal cultivation, notably in homes, because of the health and safety risks it can pose, the challenges associated with oversight and the potential ease with which it can be diverted to supply illicit markets. The net result is that any discussion about regulating a new cannabis industry quickly leads to an understanding of the complexity of regulating not one but potentially thousands of new cannabis-based products. The harms of alcohol and tobacco are well established. The Cannabis Trade Alliance of Canada, which represents producers, said the new regime should provide for mandatory testing: “Mandatory laboratory testing of all cannabis products (potency and contaminants) – a critical step in the seed-to-sale process when considering public health, and should be the main objective in the legalized framework.”. As noted above, while the federal government was generally seen as best placed to regulate the production of cannabis, most respondents believed that the provinces and territories should be the principal regulators of wholesale distribution. (2013) The global epidemiology and contribution of cannabis use and dependence to the global burden of disease: results from the GBD 2010 study PLoS One 8(10): e76635. 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