All Rights Reserved 2001 Department Of Agriculture Himachal Pradesh Site Developed & Maintained By: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh August 5, 2020 Rahul Dhatwalia Geography, Articles Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). DISTRICT WISE AREA UNDER FLOWER CROPS IN HIMACHAL PRADESH AS ON 2000 - 2020. 1. -areas of Chamba, kangra, Bilaspur, hamirpur etc. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. In Leisure time He loves to play guitar, produce music and watching movies. Plant material available in the Departmental Flower Nurseries & Model Floriculture Centers. In the first climatic zone i.e., up to height of 4,000 ft. (1200 m approx. This zone covers about 35% of the geographical areas and about 21% of the cultivated area of the State. -confined to wet mountain slopes of Dalhousie, Dharamshala, Kangra and Palampur Know more about Lahaul and Spiti (Interesting and Unknown facts), H.P.Adminstrative Services Examination MCQ -1. Himachal Pradesh > Mandi. It varies from mild to cold in areas under snow in winters. 3.1-sub alpine (upto 3500) 3.2-moist alpine zone (3500-4500) 3.3- alpine or freezed Arctic (above 4500) -majorly in rain shadow area. It is having mild temperate climate. - Soil of this zone are mostly sandy loam in texture with loamy patches. Sub-Tropical Sub Mountain Low-Hills Zone: This zone comprises of low hills and valley areas up to an elevation of 914 meters above sea level SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. -high snow fall Also, the temperature of the warmest month ranges from 0⁰C to 10⁰C. The Polar type of climate is found in the states of Uttrakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir (U.T). Learn how your comment data is processed. Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450-6500mtrs). It even experiences heavy … 1.1-Lower tropical climate This zone has very good potential for the cultivation of cash crops like Off-Season Vegetables, Ginger and production of quality seeds of temperate vegetables like Cauliflower and root crops. Due to extremely low temperature, the precipitation in this region occurs in the form of snow. 5 Biological Richness in Himachal Pradesh Fig. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The forest of Himachal Pradesh are characterized by temperate conifer, mixed forest (moist and dry temperate forest), subalpine forest, tropical forest (moist deciduous, swamp, and subtropical pine forest) and broad-leaved forest (tropical dry deciduous and subtropical dry evergreen forest). -confined to Shimla, kotgarh, kotkhai, nalagarh, chamba, churah, kullu Patiala is 68 miles from Shimla, so the actual climate in Shimla can vary a bit. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. The normal rainfall is 152 cm. It occupies a region of scenic splendor in the western Himalayas, offering a multitextured display of mountains, gorges, thickly forested valleys, lakes, fields, and streams. Agro Climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh • ZONE 1 ( SHIVALIK HILL ZONE ) : - It occupies about 30% of the geographical area and about 33% of the cultivated area of the state.-The altitude of this zone varies from 350-1500m.-This zone receives 165 mm of rainfall . -sub toripcal/sub montane low hills you can ping us on: Rahul loves to read article on internet, He crawls over whole net for interesting and unknown facts. Geographically, this region lies in the lower portion of West Bengal. DHGK is dedicated to improvising the knowledge and boosting the confidence of the aspirants such that they develop a positive attitude towards the examination. – elevation -upto 1500m The climate varies across the state with the altitude. growing in different agro‐climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh, India Robin Joshi. It occupies about 8% of the geographical and 2% of the total cultivated area of the State. 6 Land Use/ Land Cover in Himachal Pradesh Fig. SHIVALIK HILL ZONE : Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level, It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. This zone possesses good pastures and meadows. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, … Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. fruit crops in the face of climate change. -majorly in rain shadow area -subtypes Its capital city is Shimla. Explore Shimla's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Shiwalik Hill Zone (Sub Tropical Mountain and Low Hills): Comprising of upland of part of Chamba, Kangra, Hamirpur,Solan, Sirmour and Bilaspur districts. The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold glacial and alpine (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high elevated mountain ranges. Agro-climatic Zones in Himachal Pradesh- Himachal Pradesh is divided into 4 Agro-Climatic Zones. -high snow fall. . Total 4 classification 2.1- wet temprate zone 2.Temprate climate 2. ), where climatic conditions are mild throughout the year, i.e., pleasant summers, mild winters and medium rain falls. We are bound to work towards this noble cause. j) Barley. The special characteristics of this zone are absence of snow fall. -with increase in hight very less vegetation The study site of Kullu district represents 1200-2500 m above mean sea level. -hottest area Annual Weather Averages in Patiala. 1.2- sub tropical climate -ex-kinnaur, pangi, lahaul spiti, other major peaks in Himachal, SUBJECT WISE DETAILED STRATEGY FOR HAS /IAS. 8 Lithology Map of Himachal Pradesh Fig. … … CLASSIFICATION ON THE BASIS OF HP ECONOMIC SURVEY, -this classification is termed as Agro climatic classification of Himachal pradesh. Different types of climatic conditions result into varied cropping patterns. Spiti is the driest area of the state (rainfall below 50mm). 2.2 cool humid temprate zone   – elevation upto -750m The climate varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450–900 metres) in the southern low tracts, warm and temperate (900–1800 metres), cool and temperate (1900–2400 metres) and cold glacial and alpine (2400–4800 metres) in the northern and eastern high elevated mountain ranges. -wet temprate high hills This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. 1. 2.1-wet temprate zone- -unpredictable climate, 3.Higher alpine Arctic climate-2500 to 4500m -sub temprate/sub humid mid hills Monsoon season in Himachal Pradesh receives more than 70 % of its total rainfall. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. 2.Temprate climate- – moist soil and seasonally high rainfall Each agro-ecological zone has its distinct climatic and soil conditions. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. It Comprises of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur Districts and Pangi Tehsil of Chamba District lying about 2,200 meters above mean sea level. He is presently working in Public Sector Bank. -with increase in hight very less vegetation. It occupies about 32% of the total geographical area and about 37% of the cultivated area of the State. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Mandi Climate (India) >>Mandi Weather by month // weather averages >>Mandi Climate graph // Weather by Month >>Mandi average temperature >>Mandi Weather; Mandi climate summary The Mandi lies on 756m above sea level Mandi's climate is classified as warm and temperate. -in middle and upper parts of state It is further divided as follows- There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. (1290 m amsl) represents mid-hill humid zone, Bajaura (1220 m amsl) represents mid-hill sub-humid zone and Dhaulakuan (468 m amsl) represents sub-montane and low-hills sub-tropical zone of Himachal Pradesh. Also Read: Know more about Lahaul and Spiti (Interesting and Unknown facts). 1.1 Lower tropical climate- Climate Sub -Tropical consists of foothills and valley area having elevation from 350m to 650 m above sea level. -dry temprate high hills and cold deserts, B) But for simplification and detailed study we will divide climatic Regions of Himachal pradesh as follows This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. We are a group of common people from different places with same motive – To help aspirants especially from Himachal Pradesh for their upcoming exams. 3.3- alpine or freezed Arctic(above 4500) Your email address will not be published. It occupies about 35% of the geographical area and about 40% of the cultivated area of the State. Himachal Pradesh, state of India, in the extreme northern part of the Asian subcontinent. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. 3.Higher alpine Arctic climate, 1.Tropical climate -lower shiwalik and dun area 2.2-Cool humid temprate zone The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Gram, Sugarcane, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables etc. Climate of Himachal Pradesh. 3.2-moist alpine zone(3500-4500) Of all the state districts, Dharamsala receives the highest rainfall, nearly about 3400 mm. The maximum rainfall is in Kangra district. -ex-kinnaur, pangi, lahaul spiti, other major peaks in Himachal. The decadal and recent five years surplus water balance was worked out for each month to relate to the climate change The major crops are Wheat, Maize, Barley, Black Gram, Beans, Paddy etc. © Kangra, Himachal Pradesh , Developed and hosted by National Informatics Centre, Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology, Government of India. Agro Climate Zones of Himachal Pradesh SHIVALIK HILL ZONE: Climate Sub Tropical, consists of foothills and valley area from 350 to 650 meters above mean sea level. Bilaspur, Kangra, Mandi, Sirmour, and Una districts experience sub tropical … CSIR‐Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, 176 061 Himachal Pradesh, India. Its climate, is largely conditioned by the single factor. 1.Tropical climate -High rainfall Himachal Pradesh To understand climate change and its impact on the Himalayan Eco-System by developing and implementing mountain spicific adaptation plans based on vulnerability,risk scenario and by enhancing capacity of all stake holders to combat the threat of climate change. The reason is that it is enclosed by high mountains on all sides. 9 Vegetation Density Map Fig. The commonly grown crops are Wheat, Barley, Lesser Millets, Pseudo-cereals (Buckwheat and Amaranthus), Maize and Potato etc. 3.1.3 Climate Himachal Pradesh lies in the lap of Himalayas. The area is ideally suited for the production of quality seed Potato and temperate Vegetables. It lies from 1,801 to 2,200 meters above sea level with humid temperate climate and alpine pastures. Flora of this region is similar to that of Tarai belt. It is ideally suited for the production of quality Seed Potato, temperate and European type of Vegetables and their Seeds, Seed Potato, Peas as green and seed purposes. The region represents 16.04% of the total geographical area of Himachal Pradesh. … Current local time in India – Himachal Pradesh – Shimla. The Lower-Ganga plain region. This elevation zone represents mid hill to high hills and receives snowfall in high hills during winter months. 7 Soil Classification Map of Himachal Pradesh Fig. 1.2-sub tropical climate MID HILL ZONE: This zone extends from 651 meters to 1,800 meters above mean sea level. The state has been divided into four agro-ecological zones based on precipitation, altitude, and irrigation. The major crops grown in this Zone are Wheat, Maize,… Read More » Sup types COMMERCIAL FLORICULTURE IN HIMACHAL PRADESH Agro Climatic Zones for Floriculture The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. Sub-Humid Sub-Tropical zone. Fig. RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH | HIMACHAL GENERAL KNOWLEDGE | HIMACHAL PARIKSHA RAINFALL, CLIMATE AND TEMPERATURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH Due to variation in elevation(350m-7025m) the climatic conditions are also variable in the state.The climatic conditions vary from hot and subhumid tropical in the south-west to temperate, … According to geographical features of Himachal Pradesh , it has 3 climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh : 1. Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) Government of Himachal Pradesh – Forest Department Integrated Project for Source Sustainability and Climate Resilient Rain-fed Agriculture ESA, ESMF and ESMP – Final Report 26 December 2019 7 HIMCOSTE Himachal Pradesh State Council for Science Technology & Environment HPFD Himachal Pradesh Forest Department The agriculture department of Himachal Pradesh has divided the farming zone into 4 parts based on climatic zone. 3.1-sub alpine(upto 3500) The major crops grown are Wheat,Barley, Pseudo-cereals like Buck wheat and Amaranthus. A. 4 Agro-climatic Zones of Himachal Pradesh Fig. FLORICULTURE YEARLY WORK SCHEDULE. Do You have any suggestions or queries? Ft. ( 1200 m approx H.P.Adminstrative Services examination MCQ -1 rainfall below 50mm.! Temperature of the total geographical area and about 40 % of the State single factor is... Portion of West Bengal can ping us on: Rahul loves to Read article climatic zone of himachal pradesh internet He. 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