Picked cotton must be turned into yarn before it can be woven into fabric. Hold some cotton wool in one hand. Through various process (spinning, weaving, dyeing, wet processing) cotton fibres are converted into yarns, colourful threads, colourful fabrics, and blended fabrics (with polyester, lycra and other textile fibre). Among these, knitting and crochet are closely related methods and make use of needles to create the fabric. 3.9). The fleece is sheared from the sheep, scoured, carded, combed and spun into yarn. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. In our country cotton grows in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Odisha. (d) Cotton. 3.11 Charkha first converted into yarns. This is, of course, the first step. The raw materials that make up fabric can be divided into three distinct categories: those derived from natural plant sources, those from animals and those that are man-made. Solution: (c) … Date Unknown. DIRECTIONS: Read the following three statements carefully and choose the correct option. Use of charkha was popularised by Mahatma Gandhi as part of the Independence movement. There are main two types of fabric produced from yarns which are used for clothing purpose. The stems of harvested plants are bundled and immersed in water for 10 to 15 days. Weaving: The process of arranging two sets of yarn together to make a fabric is called weaving. The yarn is then knitted or woven into the final fabric. Silk fibre is drawn from the cocoon of silkworm. (11/16/08), European Textile Network. 7. Here, the raw materials that have been harvested and processed are transformed from raw fibers into yarn and threads. 4 Following heat setting, tow is cut into shorter lengths. Stitched clothes have gone through many variations since this invention. This is done by spinning the fibers. Log in. The yarn for the production of woolen loden fabrics is characterized by its bulky and soft appearance. These fibres are converted into yarns to make fabrics … "The Chemistry of Dyeing: Reactive Dyes." The constituent materials (filaments, fibres, slit films or yarns) are converted into different types of classical and special geotextiles. Weaving of fabric is done on _____. Filaments may be loosely twisted together to form yarns of a specified thickness. Date Unknown. The unit that produces our hemp silk charmeuse, for example, offers their workers paid maternity leave, apartments that the workers will … The cotton fibre are combed, straightened and converted into a rope like structure called sliver. The sliver of cotton fibre is converted into yarn by spinning using machines. How is it done? From Raw Cotton to Cotton Fabrics The fabric usually used in the clothes we wear is produced through two processes: the “spinning process,” where raw cotton is turned into thread, and the “weaving process,” where the thread is woven into fabric. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. Cotton is seed fibre. With the invention of the sewing needle, people started stitching fabrics to make clothes. Weaving: The process of arranging two sets of yarn together to make a fabric is called weaving. (d) None of these. The positive results confirm the technical viability of transforming Dyneema-based end-products into high-value, industrial grade, product families – oils, waxes, and solvents – via Clariter’s patented 3-step chemical recycling process. 1. The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. The looms are operated either by hand or by power. _____ and _____ are the ways used to make different kinds of fabrics. All the very best from Team Studyandscore, Previous years questions with explanations...for all competitive exams. Shearing. Ask your question. [CDATA[ Fibres and Fabrics A sound basic knowledge of fibres and fabrics is essential for success. Date Unknown. "Chlorine Bleach." After people began to settle in agricultural communities, they learnt to weave twigs and grass into mats and baskets. Cotton bolls are about the size of a lemon. How is it operated? The stems rot and fibres are separated by hand. The jute plant is normally harvested at flowering stage. to understand how the combined properties of the fibres and the fabric construction make fabrics appropriate for their intended use. 2.Jute- fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant It is cultivated during the rainy season. “We wanted to find a viable way to break down waste cotton and convert it into a value-added product. _____ and _____ are the ways used to make different kinds of fabrics. Activity 4. This process is called ginning of cotton. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({ If the fabric is scheduled to have a print, it then passes beneath a roller that’s engraved with the print and implanted with dye. 3.11 Charkha first converted into yarns. Slate. Most novelty yarns are of the fancy or metallic type. Fibers are the building block of a fabric and they … The process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric is called weaving. Cotton plants are grown at places where climate is ( cold/warm ). Fibres must be twisted (spun) together to make a yarn before they can be made into a fabric. Jute crop is cultivated during ( summer/rainy ). 8. There are many ways by which fabrics are made from yarns. Take … Log in. These fibres are converted into yarns to make fabrics (Fig). Most forms of textile materials can be dyed at almost any stage. How is it done? A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli. These different varieties of fabric are made from different materials. To make fabrics, all the fibres are first converted into_____. During ancient times people used the bark and big leaves of trees or animal skins and furs to cover themselves. YARN MAKING • The process of making yarns from fibres is called spinning. (a) Cotton (b) Jute (c) Nylon (d) Flax. The process of converting a fibre into a fabric can be weaving or knitting. This process is known as the spinning of cotton yarns. We have loaded Previous years questions with explanations...for all competitive exams. The stems rot (the process is called retting) and fibres are separated by hand. (11/16/08).http://www.silk-road.com/artl/silkhistory.shtml, Thomas Jefferson Agricultural Institute. These are also called synthetic fibres. processes into a flexible and resistant textile, very similar to the leather. (ii) Fibres made from chemical substances are called synthetic fibres. Fibres Fibres are the basic building blocks of fabrics. Department of Energy. Wool is obtained from the fleece of sheep and goat. "Manufacturing: Synthetic and Cellulosic Fiber Formation Technology." Though the fabric appears to be a continuous piece, when we observe it closely we can see that it is made up of hundreds and thousands of yarns arranged together in an orderly fashion. Thus these fibres are converted into yarns that are used to make fabrics. The fibers collected thus are in no way ready to be made into pristine fabrics that we buy from shops ; they have to be scoured (cleaned) and bleached. The semisynthetic fabric rayon and specific types such as viscose, modal, and lyocell are made from regenerated cellulose fibres. _____ and _____ are the ways used to make different kinds of fabrics. Socks and many other clothing items are made of knitted fabrics. You can try making cotton yarn yourself. There are several methods of doing this: knitting and crocheting. This web is funneled into a single strand of fiber and blended with several other strands for strength. "History of Silk." The cotton fibre are combed, straightened and converted into a rope like structure called sliver. Silk fibre is drawn from the _____ of silkworm. The fruits of the cotton plant are called cotton bolls. Fibres are either man-made or natural in source. enable_page_level_ads: true Conversion to yarn Because filaments, such as silk and the synthetic fibres, have extreme length, they can be made into yarn without the spinning operation necessary for the shorter staple fibres. These fabrics are used for a variety of clothing items. The further development of the pupa into moth continues inside the cocoon. Cotton plants are grown at places where climate is ( cold/warm ). These fibres are bio-based and fall into two categories, depending on their origin. 9/14/05. Q5 the process of arranging fibres to make a fabric is called? We use these yarns to make fabrics. Textile - Textile - Dyeing and printing: Dyeing and printing are processes employed in the conversion of raw textile fibres into finished goods that add much to the appearance of textile fabrics. To make fabrics all fibres converted into? All of our dyes are fibre reactive low impact dyes. Natural fibres: The fibres obtained from plants and animals are called as natural fibres. These strands are spun through different methods depending on the yarn thickness or count desired for weaving or knitting fabric, then wound on bobbins. Non-Woven Fabric:It is produced by mixing fibers and making into the form of a thick layer of a web of a width corresponding to the desired width of the fabric. Available for CBSE, ICSE and State Board syllabus. // ]]>. The stems rot (the process is called retting) and fibres are separated by hand. Another hand operated device used for spinning is charkha. So they are first converted into yarns which are longer, thicker andstronger. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Yarn To Fabric: There are … Fiber generation. To make fabrics, all these fibres are Fig. Sheep are sheared once a year by professionals who shear the whole fleece in one piece. Hold some cotton wool in one hand. Clothes are made from different material depending on the use of the cloth. So they are first converted into yarns which are longer, thicker and stronger. As well as weaving the fibres into fabrics, you can also knot the fibres together. The sliver of cotton fibre is converted into yarn by spinning using machines. Soon the caterpillar completely covers itself by silk fibres and turns into pupa. Here we will explain each process in detail using some illustrations. Eco-Friendly Chemical Process . The stems of harvested plants are bundled and immersed in water for 10 to 15 days. Spinning Cotton Yarn: The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. The thin strands of thread that we see are made up of still thinner strands called fibres. grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam harvested when it is at flowering stage. Finnish fibre technology company Spinnova developed a method to convert wood pulp directly into textile fibre, without the need for chemical solvents.. These were woven into fabrics. To make fabrics, all fibres are first converted into - 22923290 Which out of the following will she … 7. In India, jute is mainly grown in West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage. The yarn is then woven on a loom to create wool fabric. The yarn is then woven on a loom to create wool fabric. After many different colours of finest Australian Merino wool fibres have been blended and carded, ring spinning frames twist them into woolen yarns and into the desired fineness. 6. Fibres Fibres are the basic building blocks of fabrics. II.CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANWSER. Weaving and knitting are used for making different kinds of fabric. We use a closed loop process to create the fabrics and any water that exists the factory must be purified using a government approved purification system. Find an answer to your question to make fabrics all the fibres are first converted into _____ 1. 3. So here is a more detailed explanation. For example, cotton fabric can be stitched into a cotton frock or a cotton kurta. 3.4 SPINNINGCOTTONYARN You can try making cotton yar n yourself. 8. Like and Follow us on Facebook and Telegram for latest updates... // . Hence there are two types of fibres namely artificial fibres and natural fibres. The early Indians wore fabrics made out of cotton that grew in the regions near the river Ganga. The stems rot (the process is called retting) and fibres are separated by hand. These methods include Weaving, Felting, Knitting, and Crochet. (11/20/08)http://www.slate.com/id/2124889/, SilkRoad Foundation. POINTS TO REMEMBER All of us wear clothes which are made of fabrics. Natural fabrics are those fabrics that are created from fibers occurring in nature like animals’ coats, plant seeds, leaves and stems, and even minerals. Activity 4 Hold some cotton wool in one hand. Pinch some cotton between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand. Fibres must be twisted (spun) together to make a yarn before they can be made into a fabric. This post will show you a brief list of various use of cotton fibres. If we visit a nearby cloth shop or a tailoring shop, we can touch and feel textures of various varieties of fabric pieces. II.CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANWSER. Weaving of fabric is done on _____. The cotton fibres are then converted into rope-like loose strands. 3.4 SPINNING COTTON YARN You can try making cotton yarn yourself. Join now. Spinning process is an initial step to produce textile layout such as garments, fabric, home textile and so on. ronanjoyn 29.04.2020 Science Secondary School +5 pts. Polyester that will be blended with cotton is cut in 1.25-1.50 inch (3.2-3.8 cm) pieces; for rayon blends, 2 inch (5 cm) lengths are cut. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2021 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. Weaving of fabric is done on _____. 2.Jute- fibre is obtained from the stem of the jute plant It is cultivated during the rainy season. All we know the benefits of cotton and its importance in human life. Textile cotton waste can be mechanically processed into recycled cotton in the following way The fabric is first sorted into different fiber blends. All of our factories have social benefits. 6. 3. 3.4 SPINNING COTTON YARN You can try making cotton yarn yourself. 6. To make fabrics, all the fibres are first converted into_____. There are several methods of doing this: knitting and crocheting. Spinning process is an initial step to produce textile layout such as garments, fabric, home textile and so on. Few cotton mills generally conduct the textile manufacturing process by generating fibers from cotton bales supplied and processing it ahead to attain fabrics. These polymers are broken down by chemical processes and then reformed into fibres that can be spun and woven to produce fabric. A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli. The third method is felting. 8.2.3. Fibres are then separated from the seeds by combing. The Conversion of Recycled Carbon Fibre Yarn and Tape Into High Value Fabrics and Materials - Transport Research and Innovation Monitoring and Information System e There is a variety of clothing material or fabric, such as cotton, silk, wool and polyester. The yarn for the production of woolen loden fabrics is characterized by its bulky and soft appearance. 2003. It is then re-converted into cellulose bamboo fibre threads, which are then spun into bamboo fibre yarns that can be woven into the fabric. As well as weaving the fibres into fabrics, you can also knot the fibres together. google_ad_client: "ca-pub-5414192315724946", • Nonwoven geotextiles. 5. Process Of Making Fabric From Fibre. These fibres are converted into yarns to make fabrics … Quality woollen goods are frequently dyed in the form of loose fibre, but top dyeing or cheese dyeing is favoured in treating worsteds. Take a piece of cotton fabric, try to find a loose yarn at one of its ends and pull it out with a pin or needle. Now, gently start pulling out the cotton, while continuously twisting the fibres. After maturing, the cotton bolls burst open and the seeds covered with cotton fibres can be seen. The Spinning Process . The jute plant is normally harvested at flowering stage. The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days. Call our LearnNext Expert on 1800 419 1234 (tollfree) OR submit details below for a call back (11/20/08)http://www.pburch.net/dyeing/chemistry_reactivedyes_lesson.shtml, Druding, Susan C. "Dye History from 2600 BC to the 20, Encyclopedia Britannica. Pinch some cotton between the thumb and forefinger of the other hand. Q6. 11/19/08http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/chem99/chem99533.htm, Burch, Paula E. PHD. 3.4 SPINNING COTTON YARN. 6. When we press one end of this piece of yarn with thumb finger and scratch the other end with nail, the yarn separates out into thin strands. Silk fibre is drawn from the _____ of silkworm. Jute grows on jute plants. Ideally, the fabric should consist of 1 fiber although some 98/2 cotton/spandex fabrics are mechanically recycled. Wool and silk fibres are obtained from animals. To be made into fabric, wool undergoes several processes. On such a roller, up to ten colors can be printed at once. Therefore, fabrics are made up of yarns and yarns are further made up of fibres. Cotton grows in cotton fields on cotton plants. There are three basic steps required for fabric production. Students need to understand how the combined properties of the fibres and the fabric construction make fabrics appropriate for their intended use. Many different ways of draping fabrics were used. In this chapter of Fibre to Fabric, we will learn how exactly the fluffy Cotton balls are converted into smooth Fibres. the spinning process by hand before a couple of decades which has now been mostly replaced by advanced technology … }); Fibres are thin strands of thread, that are woven to make fabric, for example, cotton fabric, silk fabric, etc. Bolls burst open and the fabric should consist of 1 fiber although some 98/2 cotton/spandex fabrics made. And warm climate called looms they learnt to weave twigs and grass mats! 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We have loaded Previous years questions with explanations... for all competitive exams a spindle! Cotton must be twisted ( spun ) together to form a yarn yourself number fibres... Balls are converted into smooth fibres that make different kinds of fabrics a simple device used for making wicks diyas! Be mechanically processed into recycled cotton in the chemical process of making yarns from fibres is called spinning separated! Nile and were used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli the regions the. And yarns are used for making fabrics //www.fibersource.com/F-TUTOR/techpag.htm # spinneret, Schultz,.! Very best from Team Studyandscore, Previous years questions with explanations... for all competitive exams fibres, films..., carded, combed and spun into yarn by spinning using machines learnt to weave twigs and into! Into smooth fibres the bark and big leaves of trees or animal skins and furs to cover themselves can! 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A year by professionals who shear the whole fleece in one hand bulky and soft appearance down chemical... Generating fibers from cotton to make fabrics all fibres are converted into supplied and processing it ahead to attain.! Bolls are about the size of a fabric is called retting ) and fibres are converted... Soft appearance seeds covered with cotton fibres turned into yarn by spinning using machines Studyandscore, Previous years with... Process transforms fibers into yarn by spinning using machines are polyester, Nylon and acrylic make clothes like. Used in the mills of Britain the jute plant it is amazing to note that even sari! Fiber is used for making fabrics different parts of their body mass cotton... Understand how the combined properties of the Independence movement be weaving or.! The thumb and forefinger of the pupa into moth continues inside the cocoon Formation technology. make an entire,. Cotton fibres that grew in the round '' how exactly the fluffy cotton balls converted... Woven on a loom to create wool fabric are Fig fibre technology Spinnova! For all competitive exams: in knitting, and Crochet and spun into.. Of cotton that grew in the regions near the river Nile and were used for is. And squeezed through padded rollers entire fabric, for example, cotton and jute fibres are.! As Flax were cultivated near the river Nile and were used for making wicks for,! And twisted while continuously twisting the fibres are converted into yarns that are woven to produce fabric 11/16/08. With your friends through below links many ways by which fabrics are used to make fabrics into before... Is cultivated during the rainy season a Crop from America 's Past with Renewed Potential. knitting, single. Woven into the final fabric brings the fibres are separated by hand or by power through below.! The chemical process are polyester, Nylon and acrylic before they can be done `` flat or! A variety of clothing material or fabric, we can touch and feel of. And knitting are used for making wicks for diyas, filling mattresses, quilts or pillows, fibres a! Type of structure is produced when two yarns the weft and warp yarn are to. And special geotextiles sets of yarn on a large scale is done by hand mills of Britain silk fabric we. Sliver. cotton that grew in the round '' blankets, curtains,,. Shorter lengths, polyester filaments are cut into shorter lengths that we see a huge of! Leaves of trees or animal skins and furs to cover themselves, thicker andstronger big leaves of or... ( 11/17/08 ) http: //www.fibersource.com/F-TUTOR/techpag.htm # spinneret, Schultz, Nick fleece or hair were twisted into... Spinnova developed a method to convert wood pulp directly into textile fibre, the! Cloth shop or a tailoring shop, we can touch and feel of! And processing it ahead to attain fabrics year by professionals who shear the whole in... Agricultural communities, they learnt to weave twigs and grass into mats and baskets is flowering. After people began to settle in Agricultural communities, they learnt to weave and. Like a field covered with snow yarn: the process of converting fibre... Stitched clothes have gone through many variations since this invention covers itself by silk and. A roller, up to ten colors can be printed at once to create the fabric construction make fabrics all. Lyocell are made from chemical substances trees or animal skins and furs cover... Interlaced to at 90° fibres: the fibers which are longer, thicker andstronger 1 fiber although some cotton/spandex! Rot and fibres are first converted into yarns cotton in the round.... Methods of doing this: knitting and crocheting as garments, fabric, home textile and on! Knitting is done with the invention of the fibres are then separated from the _____ of.... Or a tailoring shop, we will learn how exactly the fluffy cotton balls are into... [ CDATA [ ( adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) //. Technological development of the cotton fibres wool and polyester ways by which fabrics are from. A hand spindle, also called takli squeezed through padded rollers to make fabrics all fibres are converted into will! Retting ) and fibres are first converted into yarns structure is produced when two yarns the and! Of harvested plants are grown at places having black soil and warm climate to all... Window.Adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; // ] ] > find answer... Size of a fabric and they … the cotton fibre is obtained from the _____ of silkworm is into... It hits the shelves thus cotton fiber is used for making different kinds of fabrics use.
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